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Health, Dental & Medical

    Results: 140

  • Activities of Daily Living Assessment (2)
    LF-0100

    Activities of Daily Living Assessment

    LF-0100

    Programs that evaluate an individual's capacity for self-care and his or her ability to function independently in the context of everyday living and which, where necessary, may recommend rehabilitative services (e.g., independent living skills instruction), supportive services (e.g., attendant care, personal care or home health care), or an alternative residential setting (e.g., an assisted living center or nursing facility). Activities of daily living include bathing, eating, dressing, mobility, transferring from bed to chair and using the toilet. Most assessments also include instrumental activities of daily living such as using the telephone, taking medication, money management, housework, meal preparation, laundry and grocery shopping. Evaluation services are generally provided for individuals who have physical and/or mental limitations or for people whose age may constitute a temporary (children) or developing (elderly) limitation.
  • Alzheimer's Disease (1)
    YF-3000.2380-050

    Alzheimer's Disease

    YF-3000.2380-050

    An age-related, non-reversible brain disorder that develops over a period of years. Initially, people experience memory loss and confusion, which may be mistaken for the kinds of memory changes that are sometimes associated with normal aging. The symptoms gradually lead to behavior and personality changes, a decline in cognitive abilities such as decision-making and language skills and problems recognizing family and friends; and ultimately to a severe loss of mental function. Alzheimer's disease is one of a group of disorders called dementias that are characterized by cognitive and behavioral problems. It is the most common cause of dementia among people age 65 and older.
  • Anatomical Gifts (3)
    LH-0500

    Anatomical Gifts

    LH-0500

    Programs that acquire and store blood, body organs and other body fluids and tissues for use by other individuals; which accept donated cadavers for research and/or teaching purposes; or which provide organ donor cards.
  • Brain Disorders (1)
    YF-3000.1300

    Brain Disorders

    YF-3000.1300

    Any of a variety of conditions that are characterized by significant impairment of brain tissue and resultant loss of brain function including degenerative illnesses (e.g., Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, stroke and other cerebrovascular accidents), genetic variations or mutations that affect the development and functioning of the brain either in utero or following birth, traumatic brain injury, post infection damage, brain tumors, and permanent damage that occurs as a result of seizures, substance toxicity or other disorders as well as conditions affecting the brain that are present prior to birth.
  • Brain Injury Assessment (1)
    LF-4900.1200

    Brain Injury Assessment

    LF-4900.1200

    Programs that conduct medical tests to determine the extent of brain injuries and the type of treatment and rehabilitation that are needed. Brain injuries may be hereditary, congenital, degenerative or acquired. Acquired brain injuries include central nervous system injury from physical trauma (traumatic brain injuries), anoxia or hypoxic episodes and allergic conditions, toxic substances, and other acute medical/clinical incidents.
  • Breast Cancer (2)
    YF-3000.1480-120

    Breast Cancer

    YF-3000.1480-120

    A condition in which there is a malignancy in the tissue of the breast which is characterized by a lump, thickening or other abnormalities. Included is Paget's disease of the nipple, an uncommon type of cancer that forms in or around the nipple and is characterized mild scaling and flaking which may later spread to the areola or other regions of the breast. The disease may also originate in the areola where it resembles eczema, a non-cancerous, itchy rash. Symptoms may include tingling, itching, increased sensitivity, burning and pain. There may also be discharge from the nipple which may appear flattened against the breast. Most people with Paget's disease of the nipple also have underlying breast cancer which may be invasive or confined to the milk ducts.
  • Breast Examinations for People Without Health Insurance / People With Inadequate Health Insurance (1)
    LF-4900.1500-120 * YJ-8800 * YJ-8780

    Breast Examinations * People Without Health Insurance / People With Inadequate Health Insurance

    LF-4900.1500-120 * YJ-8800 * YJ-8780

    Programs that offer the screening procedure for the early detection of breast cancer which involves a manual examination of the breasts for lumps, thickening or other abnormalities.

    Individuals and families who have no health care insurance coverage and who may not be receiving adequate medical care as a consequence.

    Individuals who do not have adequate coverage to address their medical needs including prescription drugs, doctor visits, medical tests, surgery or other medical procedures or interventions for catastrophic medical conditions.

  • Cancer (3)
    YF-3000.1480

    Cancer

    YF-3000.1480

    Any of a broad group of malignant neoplasms which are either carcinomas which have their origin in epithelial tissues or sarcomas which develop from connective tissues and those structures which had their origin in mesodermal tissues (the muscular, skeletal, circulatory, lymphatic and urogenital systems and the linings of body cavities). Cancer is invasive and tends to metastasize to new sites spreading directly into surrounding tissues or through the lymphatic or circulatory systems.
  • Cancer for Leukemia (1)
    YF-3000.1480 * YF-3000.4640

    Cancer * Leukemia

    YF-3000.1480 * YF-3000.4640

    Any of a broad group of malignant neoplasms which are either carcinomas which have their origin in epithelial tissues or sarcomas which develop from connective tissues and those structures which had their origin in mesodermal tissues (the muscular, skeletal, circulatory, lymphatic and urogenital systems and the linings of body cavities). Cancer is invasive and tends to metastasize to new sites spreading directly into surrounding tissues or through the lymphatic or circulatory systems.

    A chronic or acute disease of unknown etiological factors that is characterized by unrestrained growth of leukocytes (white blood corpuscles) and their precursors in the tissues. Leukemia is classified according to the dominant cell type and the severity of the disease.

  • Cancer Detection (1)
    LF-4900.1500

    Cancer Detection

    LF-4900.1500

    Programs that offer any of a variety of tests which are used to identify people who have some form of cancer which, if caught in an early stage, may be treated with a higher probability of success.
  • Cardiovascular Medicine (1)
    LV-3300.1500

    Cardiovascular Medicine

    LV-3300.1500

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive medical management including preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for individuals who have diseases or other conditions that affect the heart, lungs and blood vessels. Cardiologists manage complex cardiac conditions such as heart attacks and life threatening abnormal heart beat rhythms in settings such as coronary care units of hospitals.
  • CAT Scans (1)
    LF-4800.8600-150

    CAT Scans

    LF-4800.8600-150

    Programs that offer the diagnostic technique which utilizes a computer to produce cross-sectional views of the anatomical part being investigated based on x-ray data.
  • Cavity Prevention Measures (1)
    LV-1600.1300

    Cavity Prevention Measures

    LV-1600.1300

    Dental programs that provide any of a variety of procedures that will help prevent tooth decay.
  • Cervical Cancer (1)
    YF-3000.1480-150

    Cervical Cancer

    YF-3000.1480-150

    A condition in which there is a malignancy in the tissue at the neck of the uterus.
  • Chest X-Rays (1)
    LF-4800.1500

    Chest X-Rays

    LF-4800.1500

    Programs that offer the screening procedure for the early detection of lung cancer, tuberculosis and other diseases of the lungs and chest cavity which involves use of electromagnetic waves to produce a photograph of the lungs and chest area.
  • Chronic Disease Self Management Programs (3)
    LH-2700.1540

    Chronic Disease Self Management Programs

    LH-2700.1540

    Health care programs that provide multidisciplinary education, training and support regarding recommended therapeutic regimens, medical procedures and self-care for adults, adolescents and/or children who have undergone surgery or who have chronic conditions (such as diabetes, asthma/COPD, kidney disease/ESRD, heart disease/hypertension and AIDS) that require ongoing management, and/or for family members who may be involved in their care or affected by their condition. The objective of these programs is to empower patients to manage their own chronic conditions in partnership with their health care providers. Chronic disease self management assistance may be provided in a variety of settings including classes/workshops, individual counseling sessions and as home-based services, particularly in situations where conditions in the home have an impact on the individual's illness. Chronic diseases are illnesses that are prolonged, do not resolve spontaneously, and are rarely cured completely.
  • Chronic Disease Self Management Programs for Diabetes (2)
    LH-2700.1540 * YF-3000.2440

    Chronic Disease Self Management Programs * Diabetes

    LH-2700.1540 * YF-3000.2440

    Health care programs that provide multidisciplinary education, training and support regarding recommended therapeutic regimens, medical procedures and self-care for adults, adolescents and/or children who have undergone surgery or who have chronic conditions (such as diabetes, asthma/COPD, kidney disease/ESRD, heart disease/hypertension and AIDS) that require ongoing management, and/or for family members who may be involved in their care or affected by their condition. The objective of these programs is to empower patients to manage their own chronic conditions in partnership with their health care providers. Chronic disease self management assistance may be provided in a variety of settings including classes/workshops, individual counseling sessions and as home-based services, particularly in situations where conditions in the home have an impact on the individual's illness. Chronic diseases are illnesses that are prolonged, do not resolve spontaneously, and are rarely cured completely.

    A disorder in which the pancreas produces too little insulin with the result that the body is unable to adequately metabolize sugar. Principal symptoms are elevated blood sugar, sugar in the urine, excessive urine production and increased food intake. Complications of diabetes if left untreated include low resistance to infections leading to a susceptibility to gangrene, cardiovascular and kidney disorders, disturbances in the electrolyte balance and eye disorders, some of which may lead to blindness.

  • Chronic Pain (1)
    YF-3000.6090-150

    Chronic Pain

    YF-3000.6090-150

    A condition in which an individual experiences pain which persists beyond the expected time required for healing of an injury or after the expected course of an acute illness, usually with a duration of greater than six months. Chronic pain arises from a number of causes including invasion or compression syndromes due to cancer, neurological disorders such as neuralgia, phantom limb pain, nerve entrapment syndromes, spinal cord damage, muscular inflammation syndromes, and syndromes involving lesions in the thalamus.
  • Clinical Trials (1)
    LT-1530

    Clinical Trials

    LT-1530

    Observational and interventional research studies conducted with human volunteers that seek answers to specific questions that relate to the causes, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and/or management of diseases, disabilities or other related conditions. Clinical trials may be conducted by government health agencies, researchers affiliated with a hospital or university medical program, independent researchers or private industry; and test the efficacy of new drugs, new combinations of existing drugs, new dose schedules and routes of administration, and new ways of integrating multiple treatment modalities. They may also assess new screening tests, evaluate the application of new diagnostic tests in choosing treatment regimens, evaluate supportive care methods, test the safety and effectiveness of medical devices, teach lifestyle changes or investigate options for improving the quality of life for people who have serious medical conditions. Clinical trials are conducted according to a protocol which describes the types of patients who may enter the study, schedules of tests and procedures, drugs, dosages, and length of study, as well as the outcomes that will be measured. For some patients, clinical research trials represent an avenue for receiving promising new therapies that would not otherwise be available. Included are programs that maintain lists of currently available clinical trials and refer patients who want to become volunteers as well as the research projects themselves.
  • Clinical Trials for Cancer (1)
    LT-1530 * YF-3000.1480

    Clinical Trials * Cancer

    LT-1530 * YF-3000.1480

    Observational and interventional research studies conducted with human volunteers that seek answers to specific questions that relate to the causes, prevention, diagnosis, treatment and/or management of diseases, disabilities or other related conditions. Clinical trials may be conducted by government health agencies, researchers affiliated with a hospital or university medical program, independent researchers or private industry; and test the efficacy of new drugs, new combinations of existing drugs, new dose schedules and routes of administration, and new ways of integrating multiple treatment modalities. They may also assess new screening tests, evaluate the application of new diagnostic tests in choosing treatment regimens, evaluate supportive care methods, test the safety and effectiveness of medical devices, teach lifestyle changes or investigate options for improving the quality of life for people who have serious medical conditions. Clinical trials are conducted according to a protocol which describes the types of patients who may enter the study, schedules of tests and procedures, drugs, dosages, and length of study, as well as the outcomes that will be measured. For some patients, clinical research trials represent an avenue for receiving promising new therapies that would not otherwise be available. Included are programs that maintain lists of currently available clinical trials and refer patients who want to become volunteers as well as the research projects themselves.

    Any of a broad group of malignant neoplasms which are either carcinomas which have their origin in epithelial tissues or sarcomas which develop from connective tissues and those structures which had their origin in mesodermal tissues (the muscular, skeletal, circulatory, lymphatic and urogenital systems and the linings of body cavities). Cancer is invasive and tends to metastasize to new sites spreading directly into surrounding tissues or through the lymphatic or circulatory systems.

  • Community Clinics (2)
    LN-1500

    Community Clinics

    LN-1500

    Consumer-based, community-controlled, nonprofit outpatient facilities that provide basic health care including physical examinations, immunizations, family planning, nutrition assistance and diagnosis and treatment of common ailments for low income people, people who are homeless or uninsured/underinsured or other medically underserved populations that are geographically, economically and culturally challenged. Services are generally provided on an ability-to-pay basis. In the U.S., most community clinics are part of the network of Federally Qualified Health Centers, and many are known as "free clinics".
  • Community Wellness Programs (1)
    LH-2700.9500-100

    Community Wellness Programs

    LH-2700.9500-100

    Health care programs that work with individuals and groups in the community (as opposed to patients) to help them adopt healthy behaviors and/or reduce health risks, increase self-care skills, improve management of common minor ailments, use health care services effectively and/or improve understanding of medical procedures and therapeutic regimens.
  • Condition Specific Rehabilitation Services (1)
    LR-1570

    Condition Specific Rehabilitation Services

    LR-1570

    Programs that provide comprehensive rehabilitation services that help people who have specific types of injuries or other impairments to achieve their maximum level of functioning.
  • Condition Specific Treatment (1)
    LT-1750

    Condition Specific Treatment

    LT-1750

    Programs that provide comprehensive medical and/or surgical services on an inpatient or outpatient basis for people who have a targeted disease, condition or disorder.
  • Corneal Transplants (1)
    LT-6200.1500

    Corneal Transplants

    LT-6200.1500

    Programs that specialize in the surgical replacement of corneal tissue in individuals whose own corneal tissue is diseased or otherwise dysfunctional. The cornea is the transparent front layer of the eye covering the iris and the pupil.
  • COVID-19 (4)
    YF-3000.2193

    COVID-19

    YF-3000.2193

    A respiratory illness caused by the coronavirus first identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China in 2019 which likely originally emerged from an animal source, has spread person-to-person in many locales as well as to other countries around the world and has been identified as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). Symptoms include mild to severe respiratory illness with fever, cough and difficulty breathing. Those most at risk from the virus are older adults and people with pre-existing health conditions.
  • CPAP Machines (1)
    LH-5000.7250-150

    CPAP Machines

    LH-5000.7250-150

    Programs that pay for or provide equipment designed for use in the home which delivers pressurized air to help individuals who experience central or obstructive sleep apnea breathe normally. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the upper airway becomes narrow or collapses as the muscles relax naturally during sleep reducing oxygen in the blood and causing stoppages in breathing (apneas), reductions in air intake (hypopneas) and arousal from sleep. In central sleep apnea, the airway is not blocked but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe. The air pressure from the CPAP machine forces the air passage open, reducing or eliminating these problems. Also included are programs that provide other types of Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) machines, e.g., APAP also known as AutoPAP (Automatic Positive Airway Pressure) machines, VPAP or BiPAP (Variable/Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure) machines and xPAP ST (Spontaneous Time) machines which regulate the level of airway pressure in different ways. The equipment may be available on a loan basis or kept permanently.
  • Dental Care (6)
    LV-1600

    Dental Care

    LV-1600

    Programs that specialize in the care of the teeth and associated structures in the oral cavity including the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the teeth and gums.
  • Dental Care Volunteer Opportunities (1)
    PX-3000.1500

    Dental Care Volunteer Opportunities

    PX-3000.1500

    Organizations that are actively seeking dental hygienists, dentists, endodontists, orthodontists, oral surgeons or other licensed dental specialists who are willing to contribute their services on a voluntary basis without remuneration.
  • Dental Insurance (1)
    LH-3000.1700

    Dental Insurance

    LH-3000.1700

    Organizations that issue insurance policies which reimburse policy holders for all or a portion of the costs associated with diagnostic and preventive dental care, restorative work, oral surgery, crowns, inlays, dentures and other dental work.
  • Dental Screening (1)
    LF-4900.1670

    Dental Screening

    LF-4900.1670

    Programs that provide dental examinations to detect tooth decay and periodontal problems, and oral hygiene information; but which refer out for cleaning, fillings, extractions and other necessary dental care.
  • Diabetes Screening (1)
    LF-4900.1700

    Diabetes Screening

    LF-4900.1700

    Programs that administer tests which determine whether an individual has diabetes, a disorder in which the pancreas produces too little insulin with the result that the body in unable to adequately metabolize sugar.
  • Diagnostic Imaging/Radiology (1)
    LF-4800

    Diagnostic Imaging/Radiology

    LF-4800

    Programs that offer the specialty in which all modalities of radiant energy are used for the detection of abnormalities throughout the body, often following the ingestion or injection of a radioactive or radiopaque substance that functions as a contrast medium. This includes but is not limited to imaging techniques and methodologies utilizing radiation emitted by x-ray tubes, radionuclides, thermagraphic devices, ultrasonic devices and radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation emitted by atoms.
  • Dialysis Centers (2)
    LT-2600.1500

    Dialysis Centers

    LT-2600.1500

    Outpatient facilities established by the community or a hospital that provide dialysis equipment which people who have impaired kidney function or no kidneys can make appointments to use to remove toxic materials from their blood and assure an appropriate fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance.
  • Disability/Rehabilitation Related Occupational Therapy (1)
    LR-6200.1800

    Disability/Rehabilitation Related Occupational Therapy

    LR-6200.1800

    Programs that are designed to help patients who have autism or another disability or have been disabled by a stroke, heart attack, arthritis, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, hip replacements or other surgeries, a chronic disease or other illnesses or injuries to restore or reinforce fine motor and other performance skills that are essential for activities of daily living. Therapy may include tasks to strengthen weak muscles and improve such skills as coordination, visual perception, body mechanics, equilibrium and endurance for standing and sitting. Practitioners helping people with autism may adjust tasks and conditions to match their needs and abilities which may include adapting the environment to minimize external distractions, finding specially designed computer software that facilitates communication, or identifying skills they need to accomplish tasks.
  • Disease Prevention Programs (1)
    LT-1780

    Disease Prevention Programs

    LT-1780

    Programs that help people who have a family history or other risk factors associated with a chronic disease such as heart disease and stroke, cancer and diabetes make lifestyle or other changes that can prevent the disease or limit the initial onset. In addition to health promotion activities that encourage healthy living, prevention also embraces early detection efforts, including screening at-risk populations, as well as strong community-clinical linkages to help ensure that people at high risk of chronic diseases have access to community resources and support to prevent, delay or manage chronic conditions once they occur. Some programs may provide preventive care interventions for people who have a broader array of health concerns.
  • Disease/Disability Specific Screening/Diagnosis (1)
    LF-4900

    Disease/Disability Specific Screening/Diagnosis

    LF-4900

    Programs that offer screening and/or in-depth diagnostic procedures that establish the presence of a targeted disease, disability, condition or disorder and/or which provide a logical foundation for ongoing treatment.
  • Emergency Medical Care (1)
    LD

    Emergency Medical Care

    LD

    Programs that provide immediate short-term assistance for accident victims and acutely ill or injured individuals who are in pain, or whose health or lives may be in jeopardy.
  • Emergency Medical Information Alert Systems (3)
    PH-1800.1800

    Emergency Medical Information Alert Systems

    PH-1800.1800

    Programs that allow individuals at risk for medical emergencies to provide information about allergies, recurrent ailments and dosage requirements, emergency notification instructions, hospital of choice, and doctor's name and telephone number in advance for use by EMTs/paramedics or other first responders in the event an emergency occurs. Included are "vial of life" programs that provide a vial to keep in the refrigerator which contains medical information plus a notification magnet for the outside of the door; "file of life" programs that provide a magnetized pouch for vital records that can be attached to the outside of the refrigerator; Web-based systems that allow a parent or guardian to create, store and manage a child's health information online via an electronic Emergency Information Form (EIF); and other similar emergency alert services.
  • Emergency Medical Technicians/Paramedics (2)
    YO-3000.5000-250

    Emergency Medical Technicians/Paramedics

    YO-3000.5000-250

    Individuals who are dispatched to the scene of an automobile accident, drowning, gunshot wound or other medical emergency by a 911 operator and work cooperatively with police and fire personnel to care for people who are sick or injured. At the scene, they determine the nature and extent of the patient's condition while trying to ascertain whether the patient has preexisting medical problems. Following strict rules and guidelines, they give appropriate emergency care and, when necessary, transport the patient to a health care facility. Emergency treatment for complicated problems is carried out under the direction of medical doctors by radio preceding or during transport. There are four levels of EMTs, the highest being paramedics who are permitted to administer drugs orally and intravenously, interpret electrocardiograms (EKGs), perform endotracheal intubations and use monitors and other complex equipment.
  • Emergency Medical Transportation (1)
    LD-1500

    Emergency Medical Transportation

    LD-1500

    Programs that provide rapid transportation to health care facilities for accident victims and acutely ill or injured individuals who need immediate medical intervention both on the scene and en route.
  • Emergency Signaling Devices (1)
    JR-8400.1900

    Emergency Signaling Devices

    JR-8400.1900

    Programs that pay for or provide emergency beacon light bulbs which can take the place of an ordinary light bulb and flash to help emergency responders find a residence or other location more quickly; distress flags, balloons, kites, streamers, electric distress lights, strobes, lasers and other visual signaling devices; pyrotechnic devices including flares, smoke and aerial meteors; whistles, air horns and other audible signaling devices; and other emergency signaling equipment that can be used as a distress signal in residential settings, by boaters, by skiers, by drivers in foggy conditions or by others in emergency situations.
  • Eye Care (2)
    LV-2400

    Eye Care

    LV-2400

    Programs that are concerned with maintaining or improving the health of the eyes and their appropriate functioning as the organs of sight.
  • Eye Examinations (1)
    LF-4900.1980

    Eye Examinations

    LF-4900.1980

    Programs that conduct a series of tests which measure an individual's visual acuity, identify refractive errors that cause poor vision and check for eye diseases such as glaucoma; and prescribe corrective lenses in situations where there are vision problems. Eye examinations are offered by optometrists and ophthalmologists and are usually available through mobile eye clinics.
  • Eye Screening (1)
    LF-4900.2000

    Eye Screening

    LF-4900.2000

    Programs that offer screening procedures that identify people who have targeted eye diseases or vision deficiencies that may require further examination.
  • Foreign Pharmacies (1)
    LH-6600.2000

    Foreign Pharmacies

    LH-6600.2000

    Pharmacies located in countries outside the United States which U.S. residents visit to obtain prescription drugs without a prescription or at a lower cost, or to gain access to medication not yet approved in their own country. Included are programs that transport groups of individuals to pharmacies located in another country as a means of supporting their ability to access the prescription medication they need.
  • General Acute Care Hospitals (2)
    LL-3000.2500

    General Acute Care Hospitals

    LL-3000.2500

    Health care facilities that are licensed to operate 24 hours per day and offer diagnostic and treatment services as well as emergency and critical care services for people who have any of a variety of illnesses or injuries which require immediate, short-term intervention.
  • General Dentistry (1)
    LV-1600.2400

    General Dentistry

    LV-1600.2400

    Programs that provide primary oral health care for patients of all ages. General dentists are responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, management and overall coordination of specialized services related to the patient's oral health needs. Services generally include an oral health history, preventive dental cleanings, dental radiographs, oral cancer screening, an examination of the teeth to detect tooth decay or other problems, a periodontal examination to detect gum disease, dental restorations (e.g., fillings, crowns and implants), cosmetic dentistry, and other procedures such as fluoride treatment.
  • General Health Education Programs (5)
    LH-2700.2500

    General Health Education Programs

    LH-2700.2500

    Programs that provide information that helps the public make choices which promote personal health, prevent illness and disability, take advantage of opportunities for early detection, and support their ability to deal effectively with health problems when they arise. General health education programs provide information about a wide variety of health related topics rather than specializing in a particular area.
  • General Medical Care (2)
    LE

    General Medical Care

    LE

    Routine health care provided by internists, pediatricians, family medicine specialists, gynecologists, obstetricians, nurse practitioners, midwives, physicians' assistants or other health care providers who serve as the first point of contact with the health care system. Services focus on the prevention and early detection of health problems through regular physical examinations, blood pressure checks, mammograms and other similar procedures as well as therapeutic services for people who do not require specialty care.
  • General Surgery (1)
    LV-8300.2500

    General Surgery

    LV-8300.2500

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who have expertise in using operative procedures to alleviate problems when a cure is unlikely using medication alone. General surgery can be used for routine procedures performed in a physician’s office, such as a vasectomy, or for more complicated operations requiring a medical team in a hospital setting such as laparoscopic cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder). Areas of the body treated by general surgery include the stomach, liver, intestines, appendix, breasts, thyroid gland, salivary glands, some arteries and veins, and the skin.
  • Health Care (1)
    L

    Health Care

    L

    Programs whose primary purpose is to help individuals and families achieve and maintain physical well-being through the study, prevention, screening, evaluation and treatment of people who have illnesses, injuries or disabilities; and the provision of family planning, maternity and other services that relate to human reproduction and sexual health.
  • Health Education (1)
    LH-2700

    Health Education

    LH-2700

    Programs that provide information that improves the public's understanding of living and working conditions and other factors that safeguard their health and prevent or reduce the risk of injury, disease, disability and premature death. Health education programs help people make informed decisions about matters which affect their personal health and the health of others. They inform the public of health and safety hazards, help people modify behaviors that compromise their health, encourage people to take advantage of early detection programs and provide information about treatment and rehabilitation options for people who have an illness, injury or disability. They also provide anticipatory information or guidance to help people deal with and understand specific medical procedures, being hospitalized or other necessary interfaces with the health care system.
  • Health Facility Complaints (2)
    DD-1500.4280

    Health Facility Complaints

    DD-1500.4280

    Programs that accept and, where possible, attempt to resolve complaints regarding the licensing; incompetence of staff; cleanliness and safety of facilities; treatment of patients; quality of care; excessive fees; charges for services not rendered; unethical, improper or unprofessional conduct of personnel; or other inappropriate business practices of organizations that provide health care services.
  • Health Facility Licensing (1)
    DF-4500.2000-300

    Health Facility Licensing

    DF-4500.2000-300

    Programs that establish and enforce health, safety and program standards for health care and mental health facilities, review applications for licenses, issue or deny licenses, inspect facilities for compliance with requirements and revoke licenses or bring disciplinary action for noncompliance. Included are programs that provide licensing for general acute care hospitals, acute psychiatric hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, intermediate care facilities, home health agencies, personal care agencies, hospice facilities, employer/employee clinics, rehabilitation clinics, community clinics, surgical clinics, and chronic dialysis clinics.
  • Health Insurance/Dental Coverage (9)
    LH-3000

    Health Insurance/Dental Coverage

    LH-3000

    Organizations that issue insurance policies which reimburse policy holders for all or a portion of the cost of hospital, medical or dental care or lost income arising from an illness or injury.
  • Health Maintenance Organizations (1)
    LH-3000.3100

    Health Maintenance Organizations

    LH-3000.3100

    Organizations that provide a comprehensive range of basic and supplemental health care services for a voluntarily enrolled population on a prepaid and fixed periodic basis. Members are generally required to use health care professionals who are part of the HMO's network of providers. Also included are medical groups which provide health care for HMO members on a contract with the HMO.
  • Health Related Temporary Housing (1)
    LH-6300.3650

    Health Related Temporary Housing

    LH-6300.3650

    Programs that provide a temporary place to stay for individuals and/or families who require this type of assistance based on the health condition of a family member.
  • Health/Disability Related Support Groups (18)
    PN-8100.3000

    Health/Disability Related Support Groups

    PN-8100.3000

    Mutual support groups whose members are people who have a disability, illness or other health condition, their families and friends. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; and provide an opportunity for participants to share information, resources, practical tips for daily living and encouragement about issues related to the disability or health problem.
  • Health/Disability Related Support Groups for Brain Injuries (1)
    PN-8100.3000 * YF-3000.1300

    Health/Disability Related Support Groups * Brain Injuries

    PN-8100.3000 * YF-3000.1300

    Mutual support groups whose members are people who have specific disabilities, illnesses or other health conditions, their families and friends. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; and provide an opportunity for participants to share information, practical tips for daily living and encouragement about issues related to the disability or health problem.

    Any of a variety of conditions that are characterized by significant destruction of brain tissue and resultant loss of brain function which include Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, stroke and other cerebrovascular accidents, traumatic brain injury, post infection damage, brain tumors and permanent damage that occurs as a result of seizures, substance toxicity or other disorders.

  • Health/Disability Related Support Groups for Cancer (1)
    PN-8100.3000 * YF-3000.1480

    Health/Disability Related Support Groups * Cancer

    PN-8100.3000 * YF-3000.1480

    Mutual support groups whose members are people who have specific disabilities, illnesses or other health conditions, their families and friends. The groups meet in-person, by telephone or via the Internet; and provide an opportunity for participants to share information, practical tips for daily living and encouragement about issues related to the disability or health problem.

    Any of a broad group of malignant neoplasms which are either carcinomas which have their origin in epithelial tissues or sarcomas which develop from connective tissues and those structures which had their origin in mesodermal tissues (the muscular, skeletal, circulatory, lymphatic and urogenital systems and the linings of body cavities). Cancer is invasive and tends to metastasize to new sites spreading directly into surrounding tissues or through the lymphatic or circulatory systems.

  • Hearing Augmentation Aids (2)
    LH-0600.3000

    Hearing Augmentation Aids

    LH-0600.3000

    Programs that pay for or provide equipment or other products which enhance the residual hearing of people who have hearing impairments or which provide alternative methods of communication for people who have no residual hearing.
  • Heart Disease (1)
    YF-3000.3520

    Heart Disease

    YF-3000.3520

    Any of a number of pathological conditions that affect the heart and the blood vessels of the heart.
  • Hemodialysis (1)
    LT-2600

    Hemodialysis

    LT-2600

    Programs that provide equipment that is used to clean the blood of patients in whom one or both kidneys are defective or absent, and to remove excess accumulation of drugs or chemicals in the blood.
  • Home Dialysis (1)
    LT-2600.3000

    Home Dialysis

    LT-2600.3000

    Programs that provide dialysis equipment that is available on a prescription basis in the home for people who have impaired kidney function or no kidneys and need a means to remove toxic substances from the blood and assure an appropriate fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance.
  • Home Health Aide Services (4)
    LT-2800.3000

    Home Health Aide Services

    LT-2800.3000

    Programs that offer the services of paraprofessional aides who provide personal health care services which do not require special technical training, in the homes of recently discharged hospital patients, elderly individuals and people with disabilities. Services are provided in accordance with a written home health care plan and may include feeding, bathing and grooming patients; changing their beds; taking their temperature, pulse or respiration; helping them to the toilet or to use a bedpan; and other types of assistance that enhance their physical and emotional comfort. The home health aide may also perform other activities as taught by a health professional for a specific patient including changing a colostomy bag; assisting with the use of devices for aid to daily living; assisting with prescribed range of motion exercises; assisting with prescribed ice cap or collar; doing simple urine tests for sugar, acetone or albumin; measuring and preparing special diets; measuring fluid intake and output; and supervising the self-administration of medications (reminding the individual to take the medication, opening bottle caps, reading the medication label to the individual, observing the individual taking medications, checking the self-administered dosage against the label of the container and reassuring the individual that they have obtained and are taking the correct dosage).
  • Home Health Care (12)
    LT-2800

    Home Health Care

    LT-2800

    Programs that make necessary medical services available in the homes of people who are aged, ill or convalescing.
  • Hospital Based Outpatient Services (2)
    LN-3000

    Hospital Based Outpatient Services

    LN-3000

    Departments within hospitals or freestanding clinics operated by hospitals or hospital systems that are designed for the diagnosis and treatment of people with health problems who do not currently require a bed or admission for overnight care. Outpatient departments offer a wide range of treatment services, diagnostic tests and minor surgical procedures.
  • Identification Devices (1)
    PH-1800.3300

    Identification Devices

    PH-1800.3300

    Programs that provide bracelets or pendants which contain information about the wearer's identity, including older adults who have Alzheimer's disease or other similar conditions, people with severe developmental disabilities or severe mental illness, children or other individuals who may wander away from those responsible for their care and become lost.
  • Incidental Medical Expense Assistance (1)
    LH-5100.3300

    Incidental Medical Expense Assistance

    LH-5100.3300

    Programs that provide financial assistance that helps individuals who have a designated health condition or disability or require an operation such as a transplant pay for non-medical but related expenses, which may include travel expenses to and from treatment, home or housing costs, child care expenses or other related costs. Incidental medical expense assistance programs may have age, income, disability, need or other eligibility requirements.
  • Indian Health Service Clinics (1)
    LN-3300

    Indian Health Service Clinics

    LN-3300

    Health centers, health stations and other outpatient facilities operated by the Indian Health Service that provide ambulatory medical care, preventive and outpatient rehabilitation services for members of federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes.
  • Leukemia (1)
    YF-3000.4640

    Leukemia

    YF-3000.4640

    A chronic or acute disease of unknown etiological factors that is characterized by unrestrained growth of leukocytes (white blood corpuscles) and their precursors in the tissues. Leukemia is classified according to the dominant cell type and the severity of the disease.
  • Long Term Home Health Care (2)
    LT-2800.4500

    Long Term Home Health Care

    LT-2800.4500

    Programs that offer comprehensive, coordinated long-term care in the patient's home with the objective of preventing the patient's removal to a long-term care facility. Services may include case management, nursing rehabilitation therapies, social services, nutrition, aides and medical emergency response systems.
  • Low Vision Aids (2)
    LH-0600.9000-450

    Low Vision Aids

    LH-0600.9000-450

    Programs that pay for or provide magnifiers, magnification equipment, light intensification equipment, night vision equipment, closed circuit television devices and other products which help people who have visual impairments use their remaining vision to greater advantage.
  • Mammograms (1)
    LF-4900.1500-500

    Mammograms

    LF-4900.1500-500

    Programs that offer the screening procedure for the early detection of breast cancer which involves an X-ray picture of the breast area which can be studied for abnormalities.
  • Maternal and Fetal Medicine (1)
    LV-6000.5000

    Maternal and Fetal Medicine

    LV-6000.5000

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive care for women who are at risk or have encountered complications in pregnancy, labor or delivery due to medical conditions such as hypertension, diabetes or renal disease or infectious diseases such as herpes or pyelonephritis. Specialists in this area have advanced knowledge in the obstetrical, medical and surgical complications of pregnancy and their effect on both the mother and fetus as well as expertise in the most advanced diagnostic and treatment modalities used in the care of patients with high-risk pregnancies including in utero treatment if the fetus has blood incompatibility problems or another condition that is more successfully treated prior to delivery.
  • Medical and Health Sciences Research (1)
    TR-1000.5000

    Medical and Health Sciences Research

    TR-1000.5000

    Programs that conduct basic and applied research which focuses on human diseases with the objective of improving human health through the development of vaccines, medicines and other forms of treatment.
  • Medical Care Expense Assistance for Cancer (1)
    LH-5100.5000 * YF-3000.1480

    Medical Care Expense Assistance * Cancer

    LH-5100.5000 * YF-3000.1480

    Programs that pay the hospital bills, doctor bills, laboratory expenses or other health care expenses of people who are unable to obtain necessary health care without assistance. Also included are programs that provide vouchers which enable eligible individuals to obtain medical care. Medical bill payment assistance programs may have age, income, disability, need or other eligibility requirements.

    Any of a broad group of malignant neoplasms which are either carcinomas which have their origin in epithelial tissues or sarcomas which develop from connective tissues and those structures which had their origin in mesodermal tissues (the muscular, skeletal, circulatory, lymphatic and urogenital systems and the linings of body cavities). Cancer is invasive and tends to metastasize to new sites spreading directly into surrounding tissues or through the lymphatic or circulatory systems.

  • Medical Equipment Expense Assistance (1)
    LH-5100.5050

    Medical Equipment Expense Assistance

    LH-5100.5050

    Programs that provide financial assistance that helps patients whose care is being managed in the home (or other private facility managed by a nonprofessional caregiver or family member) obtain required medical equipment and supplies.
  • Medical Equipment/Supplies (8)
    LH-5000

    Medical Equipment/Supplies

    LH-5000

    Programs that pay for or provide necessary in-home hospital equipment, monitoring devices, respiratory aids, prevention kits and other medical supplies that are required by people who want to prevent the transmission of an infectious disease, are coping with the effects of a chronic health condition or disability or are convalescing following surgery or illness. Included are programs that provide medical equipment on a loan basis as well as those that provide equipment that people can keep.
  • Medical Information Lines for Cancer (1)
    TJ-3200.5000 * YF-3000.1480

    Medical Information Lines * Cancer

    TJ-3200.5000 * YF-3000.1480

    Programs that provide telephone information about specific health and health-related topics including specific diseases and conditions, birth control, alcohol and drug abuse, mental health, safety and other similar topics. Included are programs such as Tel-Med which have tapes on specific topics that people can select and access through a central number which are then played over the telephone, those that are staffed by live operators who have medical expertise and who answer questions directly, and those that provide medical information via an Internet Web site.

    Any of a broad group of malignant neoplasms which are either carcinomas which have their origin in epithelial tissues or sarcomas which develop from connective tissues and those structures which had their origin in mesodermal tissues (the muscular, skeletal, circulatory, lymphatic and urogenital systems and the linings of body cavities). Cancer is invasive and tends to metastasize to new sites spreading directly into surrounding tissues or through the lymphatic or circulatory systems.

  • Medical Support Personnel (2)
    YO-3000.5000

    Medical Support Personnel

    YO-3000.5000

    Individuals who perform various duties under the direction of a physician or nursing staff in the examination and treatment of patients. Included are home health aides, medical assistants and physician assistants who work directly with physicians, nurses and surgeons; EMTs who provide emergency medical assistance at the scene of an accident or other incident; medical laboratory technicians; and individuals such as diagnostic medical sonographers and nuclear medicine technicians who administer specialized diagnostic tests.
  • Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Plan Enrollment (1)
    NS-8000.5000-660

    Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Plan Enrollment

    NS-8000.5000-660

    Private Prescription Drug Plans that are approved by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to offer prescription drug coverage for Medicare beneficiaries and accept applications for enrollment. Beneficiaries may also select a plan using the online enrollment application available on the CMS website. The application provides a tool for comparing different plans which vary in costs and specific drugs covered.
  • Medication Information/Management (1)
    LH-2700.5000

    Medication Information/Management

    LH-2700.5000

    Programs that conduct a review of the prescription and over-the-counter medication and other substances (e.g., herbal remedies, vitamins and other supplements, illegal drugs) that people are taking, and answer any questions they may have about their medications or their medication regimen. The reviews address a number of issues including appropriate therapeutic uses of particular substances; adverse side effects; interaction/reaction with foods and other drugs; product identification and availability or equivalency; safety when used by children, pregnant or breastfeeding individuals or older adults, many of whom may have multiple prescriptions; and outcomes. The objectives of the program are to support the individual's ability to self-administer medications as prescribed and to ensure their safety and well being, particularly in circumstances where their medication regimen is complex.
  • Medication Reminders (1)
    LH-6700.6500-550

    Medication Reminders

    LH-6700.6500-550

    Programs that call, send emails, texts and/or other direct communications in order to contact patients to remind them to take their medication. Also included are automated reminder systems, usually part of home automation systems, that can prompt about taking medicine as well as other activities such as doctor's appointments, turning off the stove and locking doors over an intercom. Other systems can remind users at home or away from home to take their medicine, and how much, by using an alarm wristwatch with text message and medical alert.
  • Mobility Aids (2)
    LH-0600.5000

    Mobility Aids

    LH-0600.5000

    Programs that pay for or provide equipment or other products which enhance the ability of people who have physical or visual impairments to move about with greater comfort and ease.
  • Non-Clinical Weight Loss Programs (1)
    LT-9500.9550-600

    Non-Clinical Weight Loss Programs

    LT-9500.9550-600

    Programs, which may be offered by commercial weight loss businesses, that offer structured diets, generally in combination with a program of physical activity, as a means of losing weight. The program may offer the services of counselors (who usually are not health care providers and may or may not have training) to help participants implement the program; provide access to books, pamphlets and websites (which should be prepared or reviewed by health care providers) as sources of weight-loss information; and may require participants to use prepackaged meals and/or supplements such as bars and shakes or other weight-loss products provided by the program.
  • Non-Emergency Medical Transportation (10)
    BT-4500.6500-500

    Non-Emergency Medical Transportation

    BT-4500.6500-500

    Programs that provide transportation for medical appointments, trips from and between hospitals, to nursing homes or other special-care centers or for other non-emergency medical needs for individuals who, because of financial problems or their physical condition, are unable to use other means of local transportation. NEMT service providers are able to transport riders who require a wheelchair lift equipped vehicle with appropriate protective restraints or a van that is designed for gurney/stretcher transportation, or has other types of features to meet their safety needs.
  • Nursing Facilities (2)
    LL-6000

    Nursing Facilities

    LL-6000

    Inpatient health care facilities that provide nursing and personal care over an extended period of time (usually more than 30 days) for people who require convalescent care at a level which is less than that provided in an acute facility and/or for chronically ill or frail elderly individuals or people with disabilities.
  • Nutrition Assessment Services (4)
    LF-4900.6200

    Nutrition Assessment Services

    LF-4900.6200

    Programs that evaluate an individual's nutritional history and dietary intake and develop a plan which ensures that the person's nutritional needs are met. The evaluation includes a review of the individual's food habits and preferences, an assessment of his or her feeding skills and eating problems and an analysis of biochemical and anthropometric variables including the person's height and weight and the fat content of his or her body.
  • Nutrition Education (5)
    LH-2700.6000

    Nutrition Education

    LH-2700.6000

    Programs that provide information concerning the basic principles of healthful eating, food handling, food preparation and shopping skills. Included is information about the basic food groups, vitamin and mineral requirements, the relationship of nutrition to the preservation of good health and the prevention of illness, and dietary choices such as vegetarianism.
  • Occupational Therapy (3)
    LR-6200

    Occupational Therapy

    LR-6200

    Programs that evaluate the task performance skills of individuals who may be having difficulty engaging in self-care, work, play or leisure time activities and help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations). Occupational therapy services typically include an individualized evaluation, during which the individual/family and occupational therapist agree on the person's goals; customized intervention to improve the person's ability to perform daily activities and reach their goals; and an outcomes evaluation to ensure that the goals are being met. Common occupational therapy interventions include helping children with disabilities to participate fully in school and social situations, helping people recovering from injury to regain skills, and providing supports for older adults experiencing physical and cognitive changes.
  • Oral Health Education/Information (1)
    LH-2700.6350

    Oral Health Education/Information

    LH-2700.6350

    Programs that provide information about dental health and hygiene (including the importance of brushing and flossing, using dental sealants, the benefits of fluoridation, avoiding sugary foods and getting regular checkups) which encourages the public to make choices that help them avoid cavities, gum disease or other oral health problems and improve their overall well being. These programs may also provide general information about oral health problems (such as oral cancer, teeth grinding, periodontal disease and bad breath) and associated treatment options; education and outreach regarding the importance of oral health care for individuals who are pregnant including information about the relationship between gum disease and preterm and low birth weight babies; and fact sheets or other materials which address oral health issues such as community water fluoridation as a preventive measure, use of bottled water, oral health nutrition, cosmetic dentistry/tooth whitening, oral piercing, dental anesthesia, dental benefits/insurance, choosing a dentist, and oral health for specific populations (such as children, adolescents, pregnant individuals, older adults or people with diabetes).
  • Organ and Tissue Banks (2)
    LH-0500.6300

    Organ and Tissue Banks

    LH-0500.6300

    Programs that accept donated hearts, kidneys, livers, eyes, ears, skin and other organs and tissue for use in transplant operations.
  • Organ Donor Assistance Programs (1)
    LH-0500.6330

    Organ Donor Assistance Programs

    LH-0500.6330

    Programs that provide monetary support to defray the expenses of individuals who are willing to donate a kidney, bone marrow or other organs or tissue. The financial assistance is intended to help living donors meet their expenses and is not available to people who intend to donate organs posthumously.
  • Organ Donor Cards/Registries (1)
    LH-0500.6350

    Organ Donor Cards/Registries

    LH-0500.6350

    Programs that maintain computerized repositories of information about individuals who have registered their intent to donate organs and tissue and the conditions under which they may be used; provide cards that people who want to donate vital organs, tissue or their entire bodies (for purposes of anatomical study) can complete, sign and carry with them; or issue stickers which can be affixed to an individual's driver license indicating the intent to donate.
  • Organ Procurement Organizations (1)
    LH-0500.6450

    Organ Procurement Organizations

    LH-0500.6450

    Organizations that work with hospital personnel and families of potential organ donors to determine organ donor suitability, help families of donors make an informed decision, and make arrangements for transplant programs to send a team of surgeons to recover the organs for transplantation and transport them to the hospital where recipients are prepared and waiting for the transplant operation. The federal government designates an organ procurement organization's service area and the hospitals with which it is to establish working relationships.
  • Organ/Tissue Transplant Education Programs (1)
    LH-2700.6400

    Organ/Tissue Transplant Education Programs

    LH-2700.6400

    Programs that provide information that improves the public's understanding of organ and tissue transplantation, its history, current legislation pertaining to donation, the behaviors and diseases that lead to organ failure and the need for a transplant, the types of organs/tissue that can be donated, the organ donation process, the impact of organ and tissue donation on the lives of those who receive these gifts and the consequences of organ and tissue shortages. The purpose of most organ/tissue transplant education programs is to increase the number of people who actually become donors, answer frequently asked questions and provide basic information about how to obtain a donor card and become a part of the program. Some education programs may focus on particular target populations such as minorities.
  • Osteoporosis (1)
    YF-3000.5880

    Osteoporosis

    YF-3000.5880

    A condition, usually seen in people who are elderly, which is marked by increased porosity or weakness of the bones. The condition becomes apparent when the osteoporosis has progressed to the stage at which a bone fractures in a situation that would not normally damage the skeleton.
  • Outreach Programs for Breast Cancer (2)
    TJ-6500.6300 * YF-3000.1480-120

    Outreach Programs * Breast Cancer

    TJ-6500.6300 * YF-3000.1480-120

    Organizations that make an effort to increase the availability and utilization of community services by specific target populations by providing direct services for targeted individuals in their homes or other convenient locations or by making special efforts to ensure that a particular group is aware of available services and encouraged to participate. Included are programs that do outreach regarding their own services as well as those which encourage a target population to use a wide variety of services.

    A condition in which there is a malignancy in the tissue of the breast which is characterized by a lump, thickening or other abnormalities. Included is Paget's disease of the nipple, an uncommon type of cancer that forms in or around the nipple and is characterized mild scaling and flaking which may later spread to the areola or other regions of the breast. The disease may also originate in the areola where it resembles eczema, a non-cancerous, itchy rash. Symptoms may include tingling, itching, increased sensitivity, burning and pain. There may also be discharge from the nipple which may appear flattened against the breast. Most people with Paget's disease of the nipple also have underlying breast cancer which may be invasive or confined to the milk ducts.

  • Oxygen (1)
    LH-5000.7250-600

    Oxygen

    LH-5000.7250-600

    Programs that pay for or provide liquid oxygen canisters and/or compressed oxygen gas cylinders for people with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or other pulmonary diseases. Liquid oxygen is provided in large canisters with smaller portable units that can be filled by the patient. Many of the portable liquid oxygen units are appropriate for ambulatory therapy and can be utilized with oxygen-conserving devices to extend their functional time. Oxygen may also be supplied in large cylinders as stationary units used for home oxygen therapy or in smaller cylinders which may be equipped with wheels and used as portable oxygen units.
  • Oxygen System Accessories (1)
    LH-5000.7250-660

    Oxygen System Accessories

    LH-5000.7250-660

    Programs that pay for or provide oxygen masks, oxygen regulators, oxygen cylinder wrenches, nasal cannula, oxygen tubing, respiratory gas demand valves, endotracheal (ET) tube holders, tracheostomy supplies and other types of accessories that are used in conjunction with oxygen concentrators, portable and stationary oxygen units, nebulizers, ventilator circuits, and other respiratory aids.
  • Parkinson's Disease (2)
    YF-3000.6160

    Parkinson's Disease

    YF-3000.6160

    One of a group of conditions called motor system disorders which result from loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. Symptoms of PD include tremor (trembling in hands, arms, legs, jaw, and face), rigidity (stiffness of the limbs and trunk); bradykinesia (slowness of movement) and postural instability (impaired balance and coordination). As these symptoms become more pronounced, patients may have difficulty walking, talking, or completing other simple tasks. The disease usually affects people over the age of 50, can be difficult to diagnose accurately and may require brain scans or laboratory tests to rule out other conditions.
  • Pediatric Feeding Disorders Programs (1)
    LT-1750.6350

    Pediatric Feeding Disorders Programs

    LT-1750.6350

    Programs that provide diagnostic and treatment services on an inpatient, day treatment or outpatient basis for infants and toddlers with feeding disorders. The programs are generally multidisciplinary in nature involving specialists in gastroenterology, speech therapy, occupational therapy, nutrition, behavioral psychology and nursing; and focus on treating related health problems, improving eating behaviors and oral motor skills and developing routines that can be transferred to the home environment. Parent education, family counseling and follow-up services are generally included.
  • Pediatrics (2)
    LV-6800

    Pediatrics

    LV-6800

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who are concerned with the physical, emotional and social health of infants, children and adolescents from birth to young adulthood. Pediatricians have advanced training in the biological, social and environmental factors that have an influence on a developing child and have expertise in diagnosing and treating the acute and chronic diseases that are common to individuals in this age range.
  • Peritoneal Dialysis (1)
    LT-6700

    Peritoneal Dialysis

    LT-6700

    Programs that provide instruction or direct assistance for people who have impaired kidney function and who utilize a saline solution which is infused by catheter into the abdomen where the peritoneum acts as a semipermeable membrane between the solution and the blood in the abdominal vessels in order to cleanse the blood. The fluid is removed after two to three hours.
  • Pharmacies (1)
    LH-6600

    Pharmacies

    LH-6600

    Organizations that are involved in the business of preparing, storing, compounding and dispensing drugs in accordance with prescriptions prepared by licensed physicians. Pharmacies also counsel patients on proper use of their medication and verify that new treatments are compatible with other medicines they may be taking.
  • Pharmacies that Deliver (1)
    LH-6600.6500

    Pharmacies that Deliver

    LH-6600.6500

    Drugstores that accept prescriptions by telephone and deliver necessary medication to people who are unable to pick it up themselves.
  • Physical Fitness (3)
    PL-6600

    Physical Fitness

    PL-6600

    Programs that provide activities for people who want to improve their strength, flexibility, endurance, muscle tone, reflexes, cardiovascular health and/or other aspects of physical functioning.
  • Physical Therapy (6)
    LR-6600

    Physical Therapy

    LR-6600

    Programs that evaluate joint motion, muscle strength and endurance, heart and lung function and the ability of people to perform activities of daily living; and utilize the therapeutic properties of exercise, heat, cold, electricity, ultraviolet, water, manipulation and massage to improve circulation, strengthen muscles, reduce pain and restore mobility to people who have been disabled by a stroke, arthritis, back or spinal cord injuries or other debilitating conditions. Physical therapists practice in a variety of settings including hospitals, private offices, outpatient clinics, rehabilitation centers, developmental centers, home health agencies, schools and pediatric centers.
  • Physicians/Surgeons (1)
    YO-3000.6600

    Physicians/Surgeons

    YO-3000.6600

    Individuals who diagnose illnesses and prescribe and administer treatment for people suffering from injury or disease. Physicians examine patients; obtain medical histories; order, perform and interpret diagnostic tests; and counsel patients on diet, hygiene and preventive health care. Surgeons are physicians who specialize in the treatment of injury, disease and deformity through operations. Using a variety of instruments, and with patients under general or local anesthesia, a surgeon corrects physical deformities, repairs bone and tissue after injuries or performs preventive surgeries on patients with debilitating diseases or disorders. Physicians work in one or more specialties including anesthesiology, family and community medicine, general internal medicine, general pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, allergy, cardiology, dermatology, gastroenterology, radiology and surgery.
  • Poison Control (1)
    LH-2700.6500

    Poison Control

    LH-2700.6500

    Programs that provide emergency information, usually on a 24-hour basis, for medical personnel or others who may need to take immediate corrective action to treat an individual who has been poisoned or to prevent such an occurrence.
  • Poison Safety Education (1)
    JR-8200.3000-650

    Poison Safety Education

    JR-8200.3000-650

    Programs that are designed to increase public awareness of the measures people can take to ensure that hazardous household products, pesticides, medication, plants and other poisonous substances are beyond the reach of children, pets and other vulnerable individuals. Topics may include a list of dangerous materials typically found in the home, suggestions for their safe storage and handling, remedies to keep on hand (e.g., syrup of ipecac which induces vomiting when people eat or drink certain poisons), and steps to take if a poisoning incident occurs.
  • Pregnancy Testing (1)
    LJ-2000.6750

    Pregnancy Testing

    LJ-2000.6750

    Programs that utilize laboratory procedures to determine whether an individual is pregnant or which provide access to devices for establishing pregnancy that people can use at home.
  • Prenatal Care (1)
    LJ-5000.6600

    Prenatal Care

    LJ-5000.6600

    Programs that provide medical care for pregnant individuals from the time of conception to the onset of labor to ensure their own physical well-being and the healthy development and birth of their child. Services generally include identification of risk factors based on age, health and/or personal and family history that may affect a pregnancy; diet and lifestyle advice; routine checkups to look for signs of problems associated with pregnancy (such as edema, preeclampsia, or gestational diabetes) and to assure that the pregnancy is progressing well; ultrasound and other forms of prenatal testing to monitor fetal development and check for possible birth defects; and general information about being pregnant, e.g., what is normal and what is cause for concern, remedies for morning sickness or sleeplessness, managing weight gain and other common issues.
  • Prescription Drug Discount Cards (4)
    LH-6700.6250

    Prescription Drug Discount Cards

    LH-6700.6250

    Private organizations that issue cards that offer discounts on prescriptions at participating network pharmacies including chain and independent retail outlets, generally for an annual enrollment fee. Also included are programs that maintain lists of these types of programs for referral purposes.
  • Prescription Drug Patient Assistance Programs (12)
    LH-6700.6300

    Prescription Drug Patient Assistance Programs

    LH-6700.6300

    Pharmaceutical companies or pharmacies that make brand name or generic prescription drugs available to patients who are uninsured or underinsured or, for other reasons, cannot afford to pay the market price. Also included are organizations that help qualifying patients complete and file paperwork for submission to drug manufacturers to request such medication or which maintain lists of these types of programs for referral purposes.
  • Psychiatric Hospitals (1)
    RM-3300.6500

    Psychiatric Hospitals

    RM-3300.6500

    Institutions whose primary function is to provide diagnostic and long or short-term treatment services for children, adolescents, adults and/or older adults who have acute psychiatric disorders, require hospitalization for maximum benefit, and who may be a threat to themselves, to their families or to others if left in the community or placed in a less restrictive treatment setting. Services may include a comprehensive evaluation; 24-hour care in a supportive, therapeutic environment; counseling for the patient and family; adjunctive therapies, as needed; medication, if required; and an aftercare program following discharge. Psychiatric hospitals may also offer a range of outpatient mental health services.
  • Public Awareness/Education for Autism (1)
    TJ-6500 * YF-1800.0400-050

    Public Awareness/Education * Autism

    TJ-6500 * YF-1800.0400-050

    Programs that utilize a wide variety of materials including pamphlets and other literature, media presentations, speakers, workshops, directories, newsletters and outreach and prevention programs to make the public aware of the human service needs of the community, the resources that are available to meet those needs, and the issues which are relevant to specific social problems and the measures that have been proposed for their solution.

    A developmental disability, usually evident by age three, which affects a child's ability to communicate, understand language, play and relate to others. Other characteristics include engagement in repetitive activities and stereotypic movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines and unusual responses to sensory experiences.

  • Public Health (2)
    JP

    Public Health

    JP

    Programs that protect and improve the health of the population through comprehensive efforts at the community level to prevent, control and eradicate disease and disabilities; eliminate environmental health hazards; promote sanitary living conditions; and recognize, prevent and control conditions in the workplace that constitute health hazards or place workers at risk for accidents.
  • Public Health Advisories (1)
    JR-8000.6400

    Public Health Advisories

    JR-8000.6400

    Programs that issue bulletins or otherwise inform the public of occurrences that may constitute a public health emergency. Public health advisories may also include safety instructions for people who are likely to be affected by the situation.
  • Radiology (1)
    LV-7500

    Radiology

    LV-7500

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who have expertise in the therapeutic utilization of radiant energy and its modifiers in the study and management of disease. Radiologists principally read x-rays but may also be certified to utilize some nuclear technology which involves the analysis and imaging of radionuclides and radiolabeled substances in vitro and in vivo for diagnosis and the administration of radionuclides and radiolabeled substances for the treatment of disease, especially malignant tumors.
  • Rehabilitation Personnel (1)
    YO-3000.7150

    Rehabilitation Personnel

    YO-3000.7150

    Individuals who provide treatment services for people with disabilities, disorders and injuries to relieve pain, develop or restore function, prevent muscular deconditioning and maintain optimum performance.
  • Rehabilitation/Restorative Home Nursing (1)
    LT-2800.3100-730

    Rehabilitation/Restorative Home Nursing

    LT-2800.3100-730

    Programs whose home health care services are provided by registered nurses with specialized training in the rehabilitative and restorative aspects of patient care who provide basic nursing services, patient and family education, therapy practice and support to help people with chronic and disabling conditions realize their rehabilitation goals and return to an optimum level of functioning.
  • Retail Pharmacies (1)
    LH-6600.7000

    Retail Pharmacies

    LH-6600.7000

    Pharmacies that are licensed to dispense prescription drugs to the general public, counsel patients on proper use of the medication, and verify that new treatments are compatible with other medicines the patient may be taking. Many community pharmacies also sell cosmetics, shampoo, groceries and other household items; and retailers such as supermarkets may include a pharmacy as a department of their store.
  • Sleep Apnea (1)
    YF-3000.7960-800

    Sleep Apnea

    YF-3000.7960-800

    A condition in which sleepers periodically stop breathing during sleep. The condition is characterized by loud snoring and long pauses in breathing which end with a sudden loud snore or choking gasp which may awaken the sleeper.
  • Specialized Information and Referral for Cancer (3)
    TJ-3000.8000 * YF-3000.1480

    Specialized Information and Referral * Cancer

    TJ-3000.8000 * YF-3000.1480

    Programs that maintain information about community resources that are appropriate for a specific target group or human services sector (for example, youth programs or addiction services) and which link individuals who are in need of specialized services with appropriate resources and/or which provide information about community agencies and organizations that offer specialized services.

    Any of a broad group of malignant neoplasms which are either carcinomas which have their origin in epithelial tissues or sarcomas which develop from connective tissues and those structures which had their origin in mesodermal tissues (the muscular, skeletal, circulatory, lymphatic and urogenital systems and the linings of body cavities). Cancer is invasive and tends to metastasize to new sites spreading directly into surrounding tissues or through the lymphatic or circulatory systems.

  • Speech Therapy (2)
    LR-8000.8000-820

    Speech Therapy

    LR-8000.8000-820

    Programs that offer individual or group therapy sessions which focus on the remediation of specific articulation problems in which speech sounds are omitted, replaced by substitute sounds or distorted; voice problems in which pitch, loudness or quality of voice is affected; or stuttering.
  • Spinal Cord Rehabilitation for Veterans (1)
    LR-1570.8400 * YN-9000

    Spinal Cord Rehabilitation * Veterans

    LR-1570.8400 * YN-9000

    Programs that provide inpatient and/or outpatient rehabilitation services which may include medical/physical restoration, physical and occupational therapy, training in the use of adaptive equipment, recreational therapy, psychological counseling, patient and family education services, physical and home management assistance, vocational or school reintegration assistance and other supportive services to help individuals who have become disabled by a spinal cord injury recover from their injuries to the extent that is possible and maximize their potential for independent living.

    Individuals who are former members of one of the branches of the armed forces and who, by length and type of services, honorable discharge or release or degree of disability, qualify for the benefits and privileges that are provided by law for ex-servicemen and women.

  • Telemedicine (5)
    LV-8500

    Telemedicine

    LV-8500

    Programs that allow health care professionals to evaluate, diagnose and treat patients in remote locations using telecommunications technology. Telemedicine permits two-way, real time interactive communication between the patient, and the physician or other practitioners at a distant site. Some programs may also incorporate other forms of communication including transfer of medical information such as CT scans, MRIs, ultrasound studies, radiographic images and pathology images to medical personnel at another site for review and analysis. The technology is also being used in other related areas of practice (e.g., mental health, substance use disorders, gambling) as well as for teaching and remote caregiving purposes.
  • Urgent Care Centers (3)
    LN-8500

    Urgent Care Centers

    LN-8500

    Programs, which may be available on a 24-hour basis, that provide walk-in treatment services for people who have minor illnesses or injuries. Urgent care centers serve as an alternative to hospital emergency departments for episodic care that can not be delayed until an appointment at a physician's office is available; and are often equipped to provide services not generally available in primary care physician offices, e.g., have x-ray facilities that allow for treatment of minor fractures and foreign bodies such as nail gun injuries and/or minor care trauma rooms that facilitate the repair of minor and moderate to severe lacerations that can be treated in an urgent care center.
  • Veteran Outpatient Clinics (1)
    LN-9000

    Veteran Outpatient Clinics

    LN-9000

    Outpatient medical facilities operated by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs that provide routine primary medical care for eligible veterans. Services generally include x-rays, general health check ups, blood pressure checks, treatment for basic illnesses and laboratory tests.
  • Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (1)
    LL-3000.9000

    Veterans Affairs Medical Centers

    LL-3000.9000

    Health care facilities operated by the U.S. government that provide inpatient and outpatient medical, surgical and psychiatric care for eligible veterans.
  • Visual/Reading Aids (3)
    LH-0600.9000

    Visual/Reading Aids

    LH-0600.9000

    Programs that pay for or provide equipment or other products which enhance the ability of people who have visual impairments or other disabilities to see and/or read; or which make television programs, feature films, home videos and other visual media accessible by providing a descriptive narration of key visual elements in these programs.
  • Weight Loss Assistance (1)
    LT-9500.9550

    Weight Loss Assistance

    LT-9500.9550

    Programs that utilize one or a variety of techniques including nutrition education, special diets, protein sparing fasting, behavior modification, exercise, hypnosis, medication and/or surgery to help obese or overweight individuals attain a more healthful body weight and develop a lifestyle that will allow them to maintain it.
  • Weight Management (1)
    LT-9500

    Weight Management

    LT-9500

    Programs that utilize one or a variety of techniques including nutrition education, exercise, special diets, protein sparing fasting, behavior modification, hypnosis, medication or surgery to help individuals who have a weight control problem gain or lose weight to achieve a more healthful body weight and develop a lifestyle that allows them to maintain that weight.
  • Wellness Programs (1)
    LH-2700.9500

    Wellness Programs

    LH-2700.9500

    Programs that offer individual and/or group sessions which assist participants to understand how their lifestyle impacts their physical and mental health and to develop personal practices that enhance their total well-being. Wellness programs are holistic and combine a variety of components which may include a general physical examination that is tailored to the individual's needs; an evaluation of the person's pattern of exercise, eating habits, sources of stress and other lifestyle elements that are potential risk factors; and the development and implementation of an individualized plan for prevention management and early intervention to optimize health and performance which may include physical fitness sessions, nutrition counseling, stress reduction techniques, biofeedback, practice in assuming responsibility for one's choices, and other specific measures for avoiding physical and mental health conditions.
  • Wellness Programs for Youth (1)
    LH-2700.9500 * YB-9500

    Wellness Programs * Youth

    LH-2700.9500 * YB-9500

    Programs that offer individual and/or group sessions which assist participants to understand how their lifestyle impacts their physical and mental health and to develop personal practices that enhance their total well-being. Wellness programs are holistic and combine a variety of components which may include a general physical examination that is tailored to the individual's needs; an evaluation of the person's pattern of exercise, eating habits, sources of stress and other lifestyle elements that are potential risk factors; and the development and implementation of an individualized plan for prevention management and early intervention to optimize health and performance which may include physical fitness sessions, nutrition counseling, stress reduction techniques, biofeedback, practice in assuming responsibility for one's choices, and other specific measures for avoiding physical and mental health problems. * Individuals who are younger than age 18.
  • Women's Health Centers (1)
    LN-9500

    Women's Health Centers

    LN-9500

    Programs that provide comprehensive primary and specialized care which focus on health issues experienced by women. Services are provided in an emotionally supportive and safe environment, and typically include health education, wellness programs and assistance navigating services. Specialized care available at women's health centers vary and may include reproductive and sexual health diagnostic and treatment services, access to abortion, cancer screening, and/or other public education programs focused on women's health.
  • Wound Clinics (1)
    LT-1750.9550

    Wound Clinics

    LT-1750.9550

    Programs that provide specialized treatment services for individuals who have chronic skin wounds such as pressure sores or ulcerations associated with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease that have resisted other forms of treatment.